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  • Writer's pictureSam Wilks

Navigating Security Challenges: A Comprehensive Review of Nine Key Concerns



In the pursuit of enhanced security within any facility, it is imperative to conduct a thorough examination of several pivotal areas. Below, we detail nine points of security concern that, when addressed diligently, can significantly bolster the overall safety and integrity of a building.


General Purpose and Use of the Building:

The building’s primary function—whether it serves as a residence, classroom, or office—shapes its security needs. Factors such as operational hours, user demographics, access control, and maintenance schedules must be critically assessed. The responsibility for maintenance, the building's use for public events, and its general accessibility to the public are significant factors that influence security requirements. Recommendations should be tailored to these unique characteristics.


Identification of Hazards:

A systematic listing and prioritisation of potential hazards—ranging from the theft of office equipment to wallet and stockroom thefts—are essential. Anticipating future security challenges is also crucial, allowing for proactive rather than reactive measures.


Effectiveness of Police or Guard Security:

The role of security personnel must be evaluated in terms of their effectiveness in improving response capabilities for the building and its occupants. Considerations should include whether the employment of additional guards would be operationally and economically viable.


Physical Security Measures:

An inspection of doors, windows, lighting, and other access points should be conducted. Recommendations for physical enhancements, such as reinforcing door hinges or installing secure fencing, are crucial to prevent unauthorised access.


Locks and Access Control:

The implementation of advanced locking mechanisms and access controls, including card and key control systems, should be considered. Specific suggestions for securing movable equipment should also be formulated.


Alarm Systems:

The cost-effectiveness of alarm systems, along with the compatibility of such systems with the building's current use, must be analysed. Adjustments to the building's use might be necessary to fully leverage the benefits of comprehensive alarm coverage, which may include closed-circuit television and portable alarm devices.


Storage Security:

Special attention should be paid to the storage of high-value items, petty cash, and sensitive equipment like calculators and microscopes. Specific recommendations should address these vulnerabilities to mitigate potential losses.


Trespassing Measures:

The adequacy of current trespassing deterrents, such as "No Trespassing" signs, should be evaluated. Additional signage might be necessary to clearly mark private areas and discourage unauthorised entry.


Utilisation of Personnel:

Exploring whether personnel can be employed in ways that enhance security measures is another area of potential improvement. Personnel often have extensive access to and familiarity with the premises, which could be leveraged to better monitor and report suspicious activities.


By addressing these nine critical points of security concern, organisations can develop a robust security strategy that not only addresses current vulnerabilities but also anticipates future threats. This proactive approach ensures that the integrity of the building and the safety of its occupants are maintained at all times.



Note - This is my take and expansion on the 9 elements mentioned in the textbook "Physical Security" and the Nine points of security concern pg25.


 From the author.


 The opinions and statements are those of Sam Wilks and do not necessarily represent whom Sam Consults or contracts to. Sam Wilks is a skilled and experienced Security Consultant with almost 3 decades of expertise in the fields of Real estate, Security, and the hospitality/gaming industry. His knowledge and practical experience have made him a valuable asset to many organizations looking to enhance their security measures and provide a safe and secure environment for their clients and staff.




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