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  • Writer's pictureSam Wilks

The Influence of Gender on Criminal Behavior: Insights from Economic and Security Perspectives


The examination of criminal behavior through the lens of gender is not merely a study of statistics and tendencies but a profound inquiry into the sociological and economic factors that govern human actions. Classical economists have laid a foundation that allows us to consider the incentives and disincentives for crime. Additionally, the pragmatic approach provides a narrative understanding that complements the analytical frameworks of security research.

According to praxeology, people make deliberate decisions to achieve specific goals while taking into account their individual evaluations of the results. This is particularly relevant in understanding gender-specific criminality. Men and women respond differently to economic incentives and perceive risks and rewards through distinct socio-economic lenses. For instance, while men might engage in more violent crimes, potentially due to economic desperation or perceived opportunities, women may be involved in more nuanced, less confrontational crimes, often as a response to socioeconomic pressures that are unique to their gender.

Security professionals recognize that gender plays a pivotal role in both the perpetration and prevention of crime. The gender of a potential target can influence the method of approach by a criminal. The importance of intuition in predicting violent behaviour, can not be overtstated, which often manifests differently between genders. Security training must adapt to these nuances, tailoring strategies to effectively mitigate risks associated with gender-specific criminal behaviour.

The gender of the perpetrator influences not only the choice of crime but also the tactics employed. While men might rely on brute force, women may employ methods that require less physical strength, focusing instead on manipulation or deceit. This dichotomy is not merely physical but is deeply rooted in societal expectations and the different ways in which men and women navigate power structures.

Gender also significantly affects victimology. Women are more likely to be victims of certain types of crime, such as domestic violence or sexual assault. This understanding is crucial for security personnel, who must develop gender-sensitive approaches to protection and risk assessment.

Preventative strategies must consider gender dynamics. Psychological preparedness stresses the importance of training individuals in awareness and response tactics that consider the gendered \

The confluence of economic thought and security data provides a rich soil for understanding the influence of gender on criminal behaviour. While economic theories underscore the rationality of actions driven by incentives, security practices emphasize the need for nuanced approaches to crime prevention and response. As a security professional and trainer, integrating these interdisciplinary insights is paramount to developing effective strategies that address the gendered dimensions of criminal behaviour. By doing so, we not only enhance our theoretical understanding but also improve practical outcomes in the realms of public safety and individual security. From the author.


The opinions and statements are those of Sam Wilks and do not necessarily represent whom Sam Consults or contracts to. Sam Wilks is a skilled and experienced Security Consultant with almost 3 decades of expertise in the fields of Real estate, Security, and the hospitality/gaming industry. His knowledge and practical experience have made him a valuable asset to many organizations looking to enhance their security measures and provide a safe and secure environment for their clients and staff.

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